CAMBRIDGE, MA—At any given time, 80 percent of the world’s cargo is moving from manufacturer to market on ships. With new cybersecurity threats surfacing daily, the need for maritime cybersecurity is more pressing than ever. To protect and maintain global commerce at sea, the U.S. Navy invited top data analysts to take on tough maritime cybersecurity use cases and challenges at its HackTheMachine event held recently in Boston.
The first-ever connected ship hackathon, hosted by the Naval Postgraduate School’s Center for Cyber Warfare and Booz Allen Hamilton, pioneered real discussion and solutions for how to protect global markets via predictable maritime navigation. Draper placed in three competitions for delivering hacks in cybersecurity, machine intelligence, behavioral understanding and human-computer interaction.
According to Kim Ryan, Senior Human Systems Engineer at Draper, cybersecurity threats are a growing concern for ships at sea. “Maritime platforms today rely on digital infrastructure for operation from port to the sea. Ships are equipped with a command center that provides information on a wide range of systems and sensors to monitor machinery, operate GPS and radar and deliver internet services for nautical chart data and crew administrative needs. Maritime crews increasingly rely on these systems, leaving them vulnerable to cybersecurity threats faced across the IoT domain.”
Over the course of 72 hours, 302 data analysts from startups, the tech industry, the U.S. Navy and top academic institutions tried their hand at one of three challenges. Challenge number one focused on a maritime “capture the flag” game that allowed participants to test their hacking skills against a connected boat in a box. The second challenge centered on a competition to design algorithms that provide maritime domain awareness, identify anomalous behavior and solve real-world problems like human trafficking and piracy. The third challenge was a design thinking sprint that targeted safer alternatives to GPS for maritime precision navigation and timing.
Draper participated in all three tracks of the hackathon, and all three teams placed.
- A team of seven engineers from two groups at Draper—Human-Computer Interaction and Cognitive and Behavioral Understanding—participated in the Virtual Reality and Disaster Relief track and earned a third place finish for demonstrating how the Microsoft HoloLens could be used to support disaster response.
- A team of six engineers from Draper’s Machine Intelligence Group participated in the Data Science and the Seven Seas track and earned second place out of seven teams for its demonstration of a naval engine room data analysis and incident prediction system.
- A team of four cybersecurity engineers partnered with five engineers from the Fraunhofer CESE for the Maritime Capture the Flag track to place second out of four teams.
Draper provides cyber security capabilities to commercial, government and non-profit customers increasingly concerned about evolving cyber threats. The company has applied its multidisciplinary engineering capabilities to a variety of related programs, including cryptographically encoded, high-bandwidth communications for UAVs.
Over the past 10 years, Draper has extracted miniature systems and real-time embedded systems design knowledge to develop cyber capabilities to assess software vulnerabilities and capabilities to secure electronics systems. Additionally, Draper has demonstrated secure networks featuring over-the-air keying to realize cryptographically encoded, high-bandwidth communications for UAVs and other applications. These complementary capabilities and technologies provide robust security solutions to guard critical embedded systems against cyber, reverse engineering, and other attacks and ensure that critical information can be protected and delivered in a timely and accurate manner.
Draper has continued to advance the understanding and application of human-centered engineering to optimize the interaction and capabilities of the human’s ability to better understand, assimilate and convey information for critical decisions and tasks. Through its Human-Centered Solutions capability, Draper enables accomplishment of users’ most critical missions by seamlessly integrating technology into a user’s workflow. This work leverages human-computer interaction through emerging findings in applied psychophysiology and cognitive neuroscience. Draper has deep skills in the design, development, and deployment of systems to support cognition – for users seated at desks, on the move with mobile devices or maneuvering in the cockpit of vehicles – and collaboration across human-human and human-autonomous teams.
Draper combines specific domain expertise and knowledge of how to apply the latest analytics techniques to extract meaningful information from raw data to better understand complex, dynamic processes. Our system design approach encompasses effective organization and processing of large data sets, automated analysis using algorithms and exploitation of results. To facilitate user interaction with these processed data sets, Draper applies advanced techniques to automate understanding and correlation of patterns in the data. Draper’s expertise encompasses machine learning (including deep learning), information fusion from diverse and heterogeneous data sources, optimized coupling of data acquisition and analysis and novel methods for analysis of imagery and video data.