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Wednesday, April 25, 2018

Draper Awarded Patent for Cross Polarizing Star Tracker

CAMBRIDGE, MA—A new method for navigating without GPS has caught the attention of the U.S. Patent Office and earned its inventors a patent.

The invention, called “Cross Polarizing Star Tracker” uses polarized sensors, rather than imaging optics, resulting in a package that is flat and much lighter than a star tracker with conventional optics.

Now, whenever GPS signals are spotty or altogether 
unavailable, the Cross Polarizing Star Tracker promises an alternate way to navigate—which is good news for aircraft, spacecraft, ships at sea and even ground vehicles. This patent complements a full portfolio of GPS denied navigation techniques being developed at Draper.

Navigating by the stars is an ancient practice that relies on the ability to map the night sky and identify stars by their location and brightness. Conventional star trackers, in use for decades on satellites, pose problems in terms of accuracy and power consumption, according to the patent.

The inventors set out to engineer a different approach. Their Cross Polarizing Star Tracker can be produced in various configurations that do not require power-hungry pixelated imaging sensors. Most importantly, this approach can be fabricated on a thin substrate, enabling vertical profiles of less than a millimeter and eliminating the need for bulky, heavy and mechanically complex optics.

The patent states that “the ideal star tracker would be mechanically, electrically and optically simple, small, low in mass and consume little power.” The approach outlined in this patent makes a giant leap towards the ideal star tracker and GPS denied navigation capabilities.

The inventors include J.P. Laine, Greg Blasche, Murali Chaparala, Robin Dawson, Ben Lane, Erik Waldron and Stephen Smith, who are all moving GPS denied navigation techniques forward at Draper.

Draper earned a patent for a Cross Polarizing Star Tracker, a navigation method that uses stars and satellites to navigate when GPS is unavailable. (Credit: vovan/Shutterstock).
Capabilities Used
Fault-Tolerant Systems

Draper has developed mission-critical fault-tolerant systems for more than four decades. These systems are deployed in space, air, and undersea platforms that require extremely high reliability to accomplish challenging missions. These solutions incorporate robust hardware and software partitioning to achieve fault detection, identification and reconfiguration. Physical redundancy or multiple, identical designs protect against random hardware failures and employ rigor in evaluating differences in computed results to achieve exact consensus, even in the presence of faults. The latest designs leverage cost-effective, multicore commercial processors to implement software-based redundancy management systems in compact single-board layouts that perform the key timing, communication, synchronization and voting algorithm functions needed to maintain seamless operation after one, two or three arbitrary faults of individual components.

Image & Data Analytics

Draper combines specific domain expertise and knowledge of how to apply the latest analytics techniques to extract meaningful information from raw data to better understand complex, dynamic processes. Our system design approach encompasses effective organization and processing of large data sets, automated analysis using algorithms and exploitation of results. To facilitate user interaction with these processed data sets, Draper applies advanced techniques to automate understanding and correlation of patterns in the data. Draper’s expertise encompasses machine learning (including deep learning), information fusion from diverse and heterogeneous data sources, optimized coupling of data acquisition and analysis and novel methods for analysis of imagery and video data.

Materials Engineering & Microfabrication

Draper continues to develop its expertise in designing, characterizing and processing materials at the macro-, micro- and nanoscales. Understanding the physical properties and behaviors of materials at these various scales is vital to exploit them successfully in designing components or systems. This enables the development and integration of biomaterials, 3D printing and additive manufacturing, wafer fabrication, chemical and electrochemical materials and structural materials for application to system-level solutions required of government and commercial sponsors.

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